Programme of IPZP Ltd. for the period of 2016 to 2018 provides guidelines for planned activities related for the preparation and execution of project documentation related to the Master Plan of the transport system of the City of Zagreb, Zagreb County and Krapina-Zagorje County, Traffic model and Strategic study of environmental impact.
Figure 1 Geographic coverage of the Master Plan
The Master Plan of the Traffic System of the City of Zagreb, Zagreb County and Krapina-Zagorje County is the fundamental strategic document of the long-term development of traffic in the mentioned area. Its development is conditioned by the need for further sustainable development of major cities and their environment, according to the economic and social objectives and needs to improve living conditions, environmental protection and preservation, to achieve energy savings and energy efficiency, and other sustainable development objectives.
Master Plan of the Traffic System will present objectives and measures to improve traffic safety, better accessibility and promotion of public transport, development of traffic that will be made and consistent with sustainable development guidelines for cities, regions and societies, measures to increase population mobility that include and strengthening the connectivity of counties with the city, and measures to gradually restrict individual traffic where accessibility to more environmentally sustainable forms of transport is possible or enabled.
In order to correct the existing traffic system deficiencies by the year of 2030, the Master Plan should offer appropriate solutions and set the main goals of the traffic system development, which the following would be achieved by:
- Improving transport accessibility to the whole area through the development of an efficient and sustainable transport system;
- Enabling greater mobility of the population using the modes of transport that are environmentally friendly, and energy and cost effective for society;
- Integrating transport subsystems through institutional, organizational and infrastructural improvements, with particular emphasis on the integration of public transport systems;
- Increasing traffic safety.
Master Plan of the transport system of the City of Zagreb, Zagreb County and Krapina-Zagorje County and its implementation through the Integrated Transport System Project will contribute to the following general objectives:
- Ensuring environmental and social sustainability and energy efficiency;
- Increasing traffic safety and environmental protection;
- Improving the efficiency of the transport system;
- Improving accessibility and social inclusion of inhabitants;
- Improving the modal separations of motorized and other forms of transport in favour of public transport; and environmentally friendly and alternative forms of transportation.
Improvement of accessibility in passenger transport within the city of Zagreb and surrounding suburban area is planned through the integration of public transport with the following objectives:
- The inclusion of neighbouring cities and regions in an integrated transport system with the City of Zagreb, in order to improve, through a common tariff coordinated organization of transportation and harmonized level of transport service quality;
- Increase efficiency, as a result of physical, operational and organizational integration of all forms of transport; rail, tram and bus, as well as a variety of alternative forms of movement;
- Applying one ticket for one trip for the integration area, an integrated transport system would provide greater quality and attractiveness of the public transport of passengers due to; shortening travel time, reducing travel costs, better informing public transport users, and increasing public transport availability.
The Master plan for the transport system of the City of Zagreb, Zagreb County and Krapina-Zagorje County, Traffic model and Strategic study of environmental impact will be developed in two phases of the project:
Phase I – Analysis of the current situation and development of the transport model, in 2017,
Phase II – Preparation and selection of transport solutions and the implementation of strategic environmental impact assessment, in 2018.
In general, the Master Plan of Traffic System development has the task of exploring, in a mutual relationship of social, economic, political and special traffic elements with the aim of ensuring adequate development in the area of coverage. Transport as an important aspect of the functioning of a spacific area is key to the function and development of the economy and society in general. In the circumstances where the old challenges remain and the new ones appear, it is necessary to provide the answer to the question of how to meet the existing, as well as the future, traffic demand, taking into consideration the restrictions related to the resources and environment protection. From the transport planning perspective, the Master Plan will serve a basic document for considerations about the development of the transport system in accordance with the spatial abilities of the relevant area, economic demand and needs of the population. Special attention will be given to the development and improvement of environmentally friendly transport systems (including those with a low level of noise) as well as the transport systems with low CO2 emissions. Furthermore, the attention will be paid to the multi-modal connections with an aim of promoting sustainable regional and local mobility.
In accordance with the aforementioned one of the core tasks of the Master Plan is an analysis of the state of public transport of passengers in the area of the observed region and proposing measures to improve the situation. Based on a detailed analysis of the current situation (from the Phase I of the Master Plan), and the transport model (horizon 2020, 2025 and 2030), it is necessary to propose an action plan and concrete solutions for the future system of the integrated transport of passengers that will improve the transport availability of the entire area and increase the mobility of people living in the area by means of institutional, organisational and infrastructural improvements.
In phase I of the Master Plan, the transport system includes: analysis of the current situation and development of transport models, collection of data on the current state of the transport system which includes extensive traffic studies, countings, traffic surveys and data analysis and processing with the help of traffic model for the purpose of identifying problems and defining measures and actions to address them and to perform the so-called „0“, or „do nothing“ phase of development.
In phase II Master Plan will define the list of goals and measures, and key indicators of the success of the implementation of certain goals for improving the traffic system, based on Phase I results. The measures will be defined for each traffic branch, urban area traffic and public transport of passengers separately and will consist of infrastructure, operational and organizational measures and traffic policy measures. The “Do It All” scenario will be made with time slots in 2020, 2025 and 2030. The “Make All” scenario will analyze and evaluate planned projects in the area of the observed region for which the Masterplan of the Traffic System is being developed.
A preferred scenario of the transport development must be selected in the Implementation Schedule taking into consideration all measures (political, organisational, operative and infrastructural) as well as the actual possibilities of the system (from the organisational/institutional and operational perspective) for the preparation and implementation of the detailed Implementation Schedules of the adopted goals and measures. However, it is necessary to take into consideration technical, legal and market restrictions, logical dependencies, time preparation, actual workload capacity, available human resources and financing needs, sources and conditions for the assignment of liabilities as well as the planned available budgets of holders of individual measures per years, additionally distributed per financing sources. “The Master Plan Implementation Schedule” needs to analyse and evaluate the planned projects implemented in the area that the Master Plan is made for.
The Master Plan Implementation schedule needs to point out the following:
- Detailed Implementation Schedules of the adopted goals and measures (e.g. required further detailed studies for transformation of measures into activities and/or projects) with clearly defined responsibilities and deadlines,
- A program of supervision of the Master Plan implementation including a method for the indicator measurement. A continuous supervision is a good practice (e.g. quarterly / semi-annual / annual brief reports) and a big report on the inspection/supervision every couple of years,
- Setting the planned date for the next Master Plan review/update taking into consideration the potential discontinuity and continuation of the planning procedure,
- The analysis of the main risks for the implementation of the Master Plan, with mitigation/contingency measures.
The master plan plan will highlight activities for the short-term – 2020, mid-term – 2025 and long-term – 2030 period.
Assessments of the required investment amounts with the proposed dynamics and stages / implementation phases and optimum models and sources of funding per particular facility / facility will be assessed taking into account all currently available or potentially available sources and financing models. The cost estimate will be based on a preliminary “engineering” estimate based on available data and comparable projects. If there is a feasibility study for certain projects then the cost estimates from that study will be taken into account.
The Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment (SPUO Master Plan) will be a part of the second Master Plan’s phase.
Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment (hereinafter: SPUO) is initiated and implemented simultaneously with the preparation of the Plan, with the basis for the SPUO being the preparation of a Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment Study. The purpose of SPUO is to prevent and mitigate any significant environmental impacts that the Plan could have on its environment. It is necessary to ensure that the SPUO results (conclusions and recommendations) are taken into account when passing the Master Plan. The procedure also includes mandatory public consultation in accordance with the Regulation on strategic assessment of the impact of the strategy, plan and program on the environment (Official Gazette No. 3/17).
In the phase II of the Master Plan in the role of the Client Company will participate the Integrated traffic of Zagreb Area Ltd. Group (IPZP) and its co-owners, who are also partners on the project, City of Zagreb, Zagreb County and Krapina-Zagorje County.